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Analysis of benefits from further liberalization of airline ownership, control and market access provisions.


Transforming Intra-African Connectivity: The Economic Benefits of Implementing the Yamoussoukro Decision

While many air markets between Africa and countries outside of Africa have been liberalized to a significant extent, most intra-African aviation markets remain largely closed, subject to restrictive bilateral agreements which limit the growth and development of air services. This has limited the potential for aviation to be an engine of growth and development in the region. This report shows that liberalizing intra-African air markets would lead to increased air service levels and lower fares stimulating additional traffic volumes. This would facilitate tourism, trade, investment and other sectors of the economy leading to enhanced productivity, economic growth and increased employment.

Report (pdf)
Executive summary (pdf)
Presentation (pdf)

The Case for Liberalization

Presentation outlining the benefits to consumers, industry and economies of greater commercial freedoms for air transport. 

Presentation (pdf)

Benefits from Further Liberalization

Country reports prepared by InterVISTAS Consulting assessing the economic benefits associated with further market access and ownership & control liberalization.

Brazil (pdf)  Chile (pdf) India (pdf)  Mauritius (pdf)
Morocco (pdf)  Peru (pdf) Singapore (pdf)  Turkey (pdf)
UAE (pdf)  Uruguay (pdf) Panama (pdf)  Viet nam (pdf)

Liberalization and Employment

Research by NERA Economic Consulting assessing the impact on airline employment of liberalization of market access and ownership & control restrictions.

NERA report (pdf)

Airline Liberalization

Greater commercial freedom for airlines is vital for the long-term health of the industry and for the global economy. This research discusses the example of liberalisation in other industries and the potential implications for the aviation industry.

 Summary report (pdf)  Full report (pdf)  Oxera research report (pdf)

A path to greater commercial freedoms for airlines - Jan 2009

In contrast to other global industries, current national and international rules governing the international aviation business seriously limit airlines ability to tap international equity capital and achieve optimal structures, whether by cross border mergers, acquisitions or establishing themselves abroad. Discussion on this issue at the recent Agenda for Freedom Summit was seeded with an initial proposal suggesting that progress could be made towards bringing down barriers to more open competition and more liberal ownership structures through the unilateral waver of restrictive provisions in bilateral air service agreements.
Complete report (pdf)

US / EU open skies negotiations: the second stage begins - April 2008

by Professor Brian F. Havel, De Paul University College of Law
The US / EU Open Skies Air Transport Agreement that went into provisional effect on 30th March 2008 is in reality more of a staging-post on the journey to a truly open transatlantic aviation marketplace. The issue of foreign investment and control of airlines remains at the heart of the second stage negotiations, but faces clear and present political opposition. If Open Skies is successful it could be enhanced and extended to other regions of the globe. For now, however, the negotiators must address the formidable challenges of the second stage.
Complete report (pdf)

The Economic Impacts of Air Service Liberalization - June 2006

This study confirms that liberalising air travel directly benefits economies by increasing GDP, employment, travel and tourism, and exports.  Increasing air travel also leads to significant gains in the quality and quantity of direct service to various communities worldwide. 
Complete report

IATA public policy positions


Additional information

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