Pharma & Healthcare Products Handling
Transporting healthcare products by air demands a rigorous logistical approach. If mishandled, the intactness of these products can be compromised by temperature changes during transportation.
With the pharmaceutical industry moving over one trillion dollars worth of cargo every year, upholding a shipment’s quality requires specific equipment, storage facilities, harmonized handling procedures and, above all, strong cooperation among the cold chain partners.
Temperature Control Regulations (TCR)
The IATA Temperature Control Regulations (TCR) addresses temperature management issues identified by the industry. This manual provides the requirements and standards for the transportation and handling of pharmaceutical products, including the compulsory use of the Time and Temperature Sensitive Label.
Until now, the requirements of the Temperature Control Regulations (TCR) were included in the Perishable Cargo Regulations (PCR) manual, primarily in chapter 17 of the PCR. In response to the pharmaceutical industry’s need and request for a standalone regulation, the TCR will have its own specialized publication, in order to better support airlines, pharmaceutical companies, ground handlers and freight forwarders in meeting the requirements of safe handling and transport of healthcare products. And for those stakeholders not involved in the transport of healthcare products and pharmaceuticals, the PCR will from now on only contain the information they require for handling and transport of perishable goods.
Time & Temperature Sensitive Label
Mandatory from 1 July 2012, the IATA Time and Temperature Sensitive Label is a shipment label specific for the healthcare industry. It must be affixed to all shipments booked as time and temperature sensitive cargo and indicate the external transportation temperature range of the shipment.
It is the responsibility of the shipper (or designated shipper’s agent by service agreement) to ensure that the label is applied properly for time and temperature sensitive healthcare cargo shipments booked as such.
Acceptance Checklist for time and temperature sensitive shipments
The purpose of the IATA Standard Acceptance Checklist is to inform airlines and ground-handling agents of the minimum checks to execute in temperature sensitive healthcare shipments. That ensures that the process meets all the requirements established by the TCR.
Since July 2013, this Acceptance Checklist is a requisite for the transportation of time and temperature sensitive healthcare shipments. See IATA notice (pdf).
Time & Temperature Task Force
The Time & Temperature Task Force (TTTF) develops and maintains standards for the procedures, documentation, cargo handling, packaging and acceptance of goods from the healthcare sector, under guidance from the Live Animals and Perishables Board (LAPB).
Following a growing number of requests regarding the changes to the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR) for lithium batteries in 2017, IATA has prepared a Guidance Document that addresses the use and carriage of lithium battery-powered devices such as cargo tracking devices and temperature data loggers.
The guidance document also provides information to manufacturers of these active devices, users of the active devices and operators that must approve the carriage of active devices in cargo.
CEIV Pharmaceutical Logistics
Air cargo’s share of the global pharma product transport has declined from 17% in 2000 to 11% in 2013. This reduction in market share is due to a lack of compliance, standardization, accountability and transparency across the air transport supply chain.
IATA created a Center of Excellence for Independent Validators (CEIV) in Pharmaceutical Logistics with the aim of helping the industry to improve the transport and handling of these products to meet the requirements of shippers and manufacturers.