IATA promotes the value aviation brings by increasing connectivity, improving infrastructure, helping airlines in the region become more competitive by advocating for a smarter regulatory environment and improving the passenger experience through the use of technology.
The regional office maintains close relations with governments, their agencies, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Latin American Civil Aviation Commission (LACAC) , Latin American and Caribbean Air Transport Association (ALTA), Airlines for America (A4A), airports, air navigation service providers and regional airline associations.
Americas Focus: Archive
IATA's Latest Regional Activities
The first quarter of 2017 has posed many regulatory challenges across region and forced our industry to quickly adapt to a changing landscape. As your trade association, I believe we need to remind our stakeholders that aviation is the "business of freedom", as IATA's DG & CEO Alexandre de Juniac likes to call it, and without aviation the impact of connecting people, goods, markets and ideas could not be realized. Air travel liberates people to live better lives and makes our world a better place. To communicate that message, IATA is engaged in a variety of advocacy activities and updated our regional five year strategy (pdf)) for the Americas to include an increased focus on security. I would also like to invite you to our upcoming events in Rio de Janeiro, Lima, and Miami over the next few weeks where we will further highlight the value of aviation. The positive impact of change is that it pushes us to be more innovative. To provide better service to you, IATA is restructuring its operations of IATA's Financial Settlement Systems in preparation for major product and service enhancements with the introduction of New Generation IATA Settlement Systems (NewGen ISS). For the Americas region, Alicia Lines has been appointed as IATA's Director for Financial & Distribution Services based in Miami and she will play a key role in working with your CFOs and their teams to get regional input in the development of global standards and best practices. Please find below our key activities of the first quarter of 2017 and count on our support during these challenging times of change.
Peter Cerdá, IATA’s Regional Vice President, The Americas
Argentina: API Went Live on March 1
Since 2014 IATA has been working with Argentina's Government Immigration Direction (DNM) to create the regulatory framework to ensure an API implementation aligned with ICAO standards. As a result of this work, a joint resolution, signed by DNM, Airport Safety Police (PSA), Civil Aviation Authority (ANAC) and Customs (AFIP), was approved and published.
Over the last months all IATA and non-IATA airlines flying to Argentina have gone through the testing process and as of March 1st 2017, the API transmission has gone live as mandated by the joint resolution. IATA will continue to collaborate with the Argentinian Government to ensure that future developments such as a PNR be implemented within the ICAO standards. IATA will also continue to advocate to enhance processes to reduce the administrative burden to airlines.
Brazil: Overflight Fee Increase Delayed - $215M Avoided Through 2018
In 2016, DECEA (Brazil's ANSP) proposed an increase to its international overflight charges (TAN) of 37.84%. Through Feb. 2017, IATA and the local BAR had numerous discussions and meetings with DECEA, which culminated in an agreement to limit the increase to 4.72%, representing an 87.5% cost avoidance. Savings to the industry are estimated at ~$216M through 2018 ($427.5M through 2020). New fees are expected to be effective no sooner than May 1, 2017, which represents a 4 months delay from the initially proposed Jan. 1 effective date which yielded an additional $5M (included in the $216M) in savings.
Brazil: Update on Resolutions 400 & 401
On 14 March 2017, Resolution 400 issued by ANAC concerning revisions to an airline's conditions of carriage took effect. Resolution 400 is welcomed as it simplifies the way airlines do business and eliminated or consolidated more than 180 other articles in different regulations. But the situation remains in flux regarding article 13, which would have allowed airlines to charge for checked baggage, as it has been suspended by an injunction issued by the federal court of São Paulo. IATA and JURCAIB will join ANAC in its appeal to reinstate article 13. However, in the interim article 13 remains suspended.
IATA/ABEAR/JURCAIB have also sent joint letters to ANAC requesting modification on article 8, which allows for name changes up to check-in time and another letter requesting a grace period for particular articles in the resolution which airlines have difficulty to comply with by March. A second resolution, 401, requiring that the airfare be displayed on the boarding pass, has been revoked.
Colombia: BOG ATM Project Update
Following the ATC simulation process, authorities have given approval to increase aircraft operations from 70 to 90+ operations per hour. As a result IATA expects ground and air delays to be reduced at Bogota's El Dorado International Airport. This is one of the final stages of the IATA Airpsrace Efficiency project which is expected to be completed towards Q3 of 2017.
Cuba: Relocation Process of Slots for S17
In January the Director of ECASA, the Cuban airport authority in charge of slot coordination, informed the airlines operating to HAV that due to unexpected growth in demand they had to proceed with a reallocation of slots for S17 that affected operators to Terminal 3. ECASA proceeded a few weeks ago with the reallocation of the slots that in most cases made the operations unfeasible so airlines could not proceed with the adjustment in their schedules.
Fortunately ECASA informed IATA on 1 March that they decided not to apply immediately the reallocation of slots for S17 after a deep analysis of the considerations submitted in relation to this decision from IATA and the airlines. In the same notification ECASA stated that they are involved in an improvement process in relation to ground handling equipment and airport personal staff necessary to meet the current needs. IATA will monitor the process closely and has offered its support to ECASA and the rest of the Cuban Authorities.
Ecuador: Concerns on New Guayaquil International Airport Development
The Airports Authority of Guayaquil (AAG) is moving forward with plans to build a new greenfield international airport in Guayaquil at a site approximately 30 kilometers southwest of the city center with a targeted completion date of 2024. IATA opposes the initiative and expressed its concerns in a letter to the Minister of Transportation and Mayor of Guayaquil as the current José Joaquín de Olmedo International Airport's capacity fulfills the anticipated passenger growth for another 20 to 25 years.
Mexico: AICM's Latest Proposed Corrective Measures to COFECE
AICM (Mexico City International Airport management) and SCT's (Secretary of Transport, Mexico) submitted a filing to COFECE on 26 January with their proposals for future improvements, so called "corrective measures" in the proceedings to the final recommendation due by COFECE this year. IATA is aware that this first filing submitted by AICM and SCT included some elements of the WSG, but key elements and principles were still missing. However, IATA was informed that the AICM had then withdrawn the first proposal of corrective measures and has submitted a new proposal to COFECE on 9 February of corrective measures in order to align them to international best practices, more in line with the WSG.
The second filing incorporates some improvements to the first initial proposed measures in relation to historic determination (80/20 instead of 85/15) but AICM still includes a non-standard/non WSG practice in relation to punctuality criteria based on performance of the operation (more than 20% of delays in the planned operations means that the airline would lose the historic slot).
Paraguay: Investigation Into the Contracts of Carriage
DINAC (Dirección Nacional de Aeronáutica Civil, Paraguay's CAA) issued a letter to IATA informing that it had conducted an investigation into the contracts of carriage (CoC) of airlines operating to and from Paraguay, and detected inconsistencies with some carriers' published liability limits vis-à-vis what is described in MC99.
As a result, DINAC has notified all airlines that operate to Paraguay that they are to update the compensation amounts published in their CoCs to comply with the revised levels of indemnification under MC99. DINAC has granted each carrier 45 days from the receipt of its communication to reflect the changes in airlines' CoCs. Airlines with offline representation in the country are not obligated to comply with the letter at the moment.
St. Lucia: Taxes to Increase by $73 per Passenger
In late 2016, Saint Lucia Air & Sea Port Authority (SLASPA) visited IATA to discuss a proposal from the Government to impose an Airport Development Tax of US$35 and an increase in the Airport Departure Tax from US$25 to US$63 (remains at US$25 for travel within CARICOM). IATA replied strongly opposing the proposal, citing the potential negative effects for St. Lucia's traffic, economy and tourism product.
Early 2017, SLASPA's CEO emailed IATA, noting that the Government would move forward with the proposal and that the new taxes would be effective April 1, 2017. On 10 January, IATA spoke to SLASPA, who conveyed that this was a decision made at government level and that it was final. IATA has followed up with a letter to the Prime Minister requesting a meeting.
Venezuela: Blocked Funds Remain Unchanged While INAC Pursues Rate Increase
On 8 February, IATA received a response from the Civil Aviation Authority, INAC, acknowledging receipt of IATA's 14 December 2016 letter, in which IATA sought reconsideration of INAC's significant rate increases for airport and air navigation services in Venezuela. In its response, INAC disregards all concerns raised by IATA and reaffirms its intent to proceed with the rate increases, which it deems appropriate based on INAC's internal analysis and its sovereign right to proceed with a revised rate scheme.
Summary of IATA's Americas Regional Charges Meeting
IATA and ALTA hosted the Americas Regional Charges Meeting, covering airport, infrastructure, and ATC charges with a focus on ICAO principles, future infrastructure needs, alignment of regulations, airport/airline relations, and best practice privatization. "Priority" airports and ANSPs for 2017 were agreed upon. Primary: Consultation with DECEA, New MEX Airport. Secondary: Argentina's ANSP, Canada's CTA review, Colombia's concession contract template. Monitor: USA PFC, FAA reauthorization, ATC reform.
IATA Update: Modernizing the Cargo Agency Program
In an effort to modernize the current Agency program, FIATA , the International Federation of Freight Forwarders' Association, representing international freight forwarders and logistic providers, and IATA, representing airlines, have joined forces.
The new proposed governance mechanism establishes an IATA-FIATA Governance Board, which recognizes the role played by forwarders in today's marketplace as customers of the airlines, and increases consultations at all levels to achieve common air cargo goals, which are objectives for both FIATA and IATA. Canada will pioneer the new program which will kick-off this summer. Latin America will follow throughout the second half of the year.
IATA's Regional Event Calendar for 2017
IATA is pleased to announce the following key events across the Americas region in 2017. The well-known Wings of Change Conference will come to the region twice in 2017. First alongside the
International Brazil Air Show (IBAS) in Rio de Janeiro on March 30 and 31 with a focus on South America.
Wings of Change North American / Caribbean edition will then take place in Miami in partnership with the Miami-Dade Beacon Council on May 2 and 3. The next Aviation Day in the Americas will take place in Lima, Peru on April 19, 2017 and Aviation Days in Colombia and Brazil are planned for the fall. The
IATA Annual General Meeting (AGM) will take place in Cancun, Mexico from June 4 to 6.