IATA manages regulatory affairs and policy matters on behalf of its airline Members. This requires cooperation with many international regulatory bodies, such as, for Europe, the European Commission and the European Parliament.
Below are a number of important issues for Europe and a summary of IATA's regulatory involvement for each issue:
Airport issues:Slot Allocation Regulation, Airport Charges
Slot Allocation Regulation Increasing congestion at European airports is a real concern. The European Commission sees market-led solutions as a part of the solution. In the EU, the slot allocation Regulation (EEC)95/93, based on the IATA system, has been in place since 1993. A Communication of the European Commission in April 2008 clarified a number of issues in order to ensure a better implementation of the exisiting rules on slot allocation and to improve the efficient use of scarce capacity at congested Community airports. In particular, it signals the acceptance of "secondary trading" of airport slots between air carriers at congested EU airports. Slot allocation is only required where there is insufficient airport capacity to meet demand. It does not increase capacity and is only a mechanism for distributing what is available. EU Airport Charges Directive In January 2007 the European Commission published a proposal for a directive on airport charges. The EU Council ( the 27 member states) and the EU Parliament concluded the legislative procedure in 2008. The purpose of the Directive is to set common EU standards for the pricing of airport infrastructure, and to impose a set of principles including non-discrimination, consultation and transparency.
Revision of the third package of liberalization
The air transport sector in the European Union was liberalised in three successive stages. The last stage of the liberalisation was the subject of a third "package" of measures, which applied as from January 1993. This package gradually introduced freedom to provide services within the European Union and led in April 1997 to the freedom to provide cabotage, i.e. the right for an airline of one Member State to operate a route within another Member State. With the coming into force of the so-called "revision of the third package" of airline liberalisation on the 1st of November 2008, airlines are required to include all taxes and charges in their published ticket prices. Also, price discrimination based on place of residence is banned
Facilitation & Security issues: API, PNR, etc.
EU-US PNR Agreement In July 2007 the Presidency of the EU and the United States signed the "EU-US Agreement on the processing and transfer of passenger name record (PNR) data by air carriers to the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS)". This Agreement replaces the Agreement on the sharing of passenger data of May 2004. It ensures that air carriers operating passenger flights to or from the US process PNR data, contained their automated reservation systems, as agreed between the US Administration and the EU. EU-PNR system On 6 November 2007, the European Commission adopted a proposal for the establishment of an EU-Wide system for the exchange of Passenger Name Records (PNR). This proposal is part of a "fight against terrorism package". In line with the 2007 EU-US PNR agreement, the proposal requires that air carriers make PNR data (for flights to and from the EU) available to national data agencies. This data can then be used for law enforcement and counter terrorism risk assesments. IATA stresses that any system must be harmonised, simple and aviation friendly as possible.
External relations: liberalisation of airline ownership and control requirements, US-EU Open Skies Agreement, etc.
After seven years of negotiations the European Union and the United States signed an Air Transport Agreement on the 30 April 2007. This Open-Skies agreement allows for partial liberalisation of transatlantic air travel, and it replaces existing bilateral aviation agreementsa between the US and EU member states. IATA welcomed the new US/EU agreement as a step in the right direction creating many new opportunitie. IATA hopes that it will be the first step to a wider reform that will let carriers operate like any other business and pursue growth opportunities where they exist.