Press Release No.:
27 November 2008
Geneva - The International Air Transport Association (IATA) announced international air traffic for October showing a second consecutive month of global decline. International passenger traffic declined by 1.3% compared to the same month in the previous year - a smaller decline than the 2.9% drop experienced in September. The October load factor was 75%, approximately 2% below previous year levels. International air freight traffic contracted by 7.9% in October for a fifth consecutive month of increasingly severe drops.
“The gloom continues and the situation of the industry remains critical. While the drop in oil prices is welcome relief, recession is now the biggest threat to airline profitability. The slight slowing in the decline of passenger traffic is likely only temporary. The deepening slump in cargo markets is a clear indication that the worst is yet to come,” said Giovanni Bisignani, IATA’s Director General and CEO.
- Asia-Pacific carriers, which represent 31% of global international passenger traffic, saw passenger traffic decline by 6.1% (slightly improved from the 6.8% decline in September). A capacity reduction of 2.3% could not keep pace with the drop in demand, taking load factors for the region’s carriers to 72.2%. Year-to-date growth for Asia-Pacific carriers fell to 0.3%, the weakest growth outside of Africa.
- North American carriers saw international traffic decline by 0.8% in October compared to the previous year, only slightly changed from the 0.9% drop in September. European carriers saw traffic rebound slightly into positive territory with 1.8% growth in October. While trans-Atlantic traffic growth was flat for the month, with both the European and US economies in recession further declines in international traffic for both regions’ carriers are expected.
- Latin American and Middle Eastern airlines recorded 4.5% and 3.5% growth respectively. While better than the September traffic figures, both regions remain well below the double-digit growth rates experienced over the first half of the year. Economic forecasts for both regions see considerable slowing of GDP growth over the next 12 months to the 2-4% range. Airlines in both regions can expect a continued slowing of growth.
- African carriers saw the largest decline with international traffic dropping by 12.9% in October. It is the only region where traffic deteriorated relative to September. This continues the year-long trend of Africa being the weakest market for air traffic with falls in both intercontinental and regional travel.
- The 7.9% decline in air freight during October has dragged year-to-date air freight volume to 0.8% below the same period in 2007. Forecasted declines in key air cargo sectors such as semi-conductors indicate that weakness is expected to continue.
- Asia-Pacific carriers, which account for 44.7% of the international cargo market, saw international freight traffic decline by 11.0%, reflecting the sharp drop in the region’s exports.
- North American and European carriers saw less precipitous declines of 7.6% and 5.4% respectively.
- In sharp contrast to passenger performance, African carriers saw a 3.0% improvement in cargo during October. This reflects trade growth within Africa.
- Latin American carriers saw the largest decline (11.4%).
- Middle Eastern carriers were the only others to report growth (1.0%) in October.
“As the global economic downturn re-shapes the world’s financial industry, policy makers must also understand that change is needed in air transport. Unlike the finance industry, airlines are not asking for handouts. Commercial freedom, efficiency and a fair treatment in taxes are needed,” said Bisignani.
“We need commercial freedoms to run this as a normal business. IATA’s Agenda for Freedom is building momentum among governments for access to markets and equity capital and the ability to merge or consolidate where it makes business sense. We need efficiency everywhere. At the top of the list is a Single European Sky by 2012 that would save 16 million tonnes of CO2 and over EUR 5 billion in operating costs. And we need common-sense in taxation. It was good news that the Belgian government has backed away from its plans to introduce a new departure tax. But the UK’s decision to hike its Air Passenger Duty is a major step in the wrong direction. Air transport is a catalyst for economic growth. But plugging budget gaps with gratuitous travel taxes is bad policy that is not sustainable. This must change,” said Bisignani.
View full October traffic results (pdf)
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Notes for Editors:
- IATA (International Air Transport Association) represents some 230 airlines comprising 93% of scheduled international air traffic.
- Explanation of measurement terms:
- RPK: Revenue Passenger Kilometres measures actual passenger traffic
- ASK: Available Seat Kilometres measures available passenger capacity
- PLF: Passenger Load Factor is % of ASKs used. In comparison of 2008 to 2007, PLF indicates point differential between the periods compared
- FTK: Freight Tonne Kilometres measures actual freight traffic
- ATK: Available Tonne Kilometres measures available total capacity (combined passenger and cargo)
- IATA statistics cover international scheduled air traffic for airlines based in those markets; domestic traffic is not included.
- All figures are provisional and represent total reporting at time of publication plus estimates for missing data. Historic figures may be revised.
- International passenger traffic market shares by region in terms of RPK are: Europe 34.1%, Asia Pacific 31.0%, North America 19.0%, Middle East 9.1%, Latin America 4.4%, Africa 2.3%
- International freight traffic market shares by region in terms of FTK are: Asia Pacific 44.7%, Europe 27.3%, North America 17.0%, Middle East 7.8%, Latin America 2.1%, Africa 1.1%