ICAO 38th Assembly – Montreal (24 Sept – 4 Oct 2013)
The ICAO 38th Assembly, which concluded recently, made considerable progress on issues of critical importance for aviation. IATA fulfilled all its objectives on the agenda in the areas of environment, safety, security, aircraft noise, technology and regulation.
The ICAO Assembly ended with the adoption of a landmark decision by States to develop a global market-based measure (MBM). It is an historic and important result for air transport as it now becomes the only major industry sector to have a multilateral global MBM agreement in place to help govern future greenhouse gas emissions. ICAO States agreed to report back in 2016 with a proposed MBM solution capable of being implemented globally from 2020.
The agreement reflected in the Assembly Resolution includes notably:
- A decision to develop a global MBM for international aviation
- Rejection of the EU’s “airspace” approach for MBMs in the period up to 2020, significantly curtailing the scope of the EU ETS
- A commitment for States to reach mutual agreement when developing new or implementing existing MBMs
- An exemption from MBMs on routes to/from developing States below a threshold of 1% of total international RTKs until the global scheme is implemented
- Recognition that an MBM from 2020 forms part of a “basket of measures” (i.e. our 4-pillar strategy)
- Acknowledgement of the industry’s commitment to CNG2020 and its support for a global carbon offsetting scheme
The global agreement at ICAO is the culmination of three years of intensive advocacy efforts by IATA, its airlines and its industry partners, including ATAG. This positive outcome puts industry in a unique position to continue its leadership in this area building on the credibility it has earned during the negotiation process.
Major efforts will now need to be undertaken in the 2013-2016 period to develop the modalities of the global MBM, taking into account economic feasibility, environmental integrity, competitive impacts and the specific concerns of developing countries.
The Assembly endorsed the ICAO Committee on aviation Environmental Protection (CAEP) recommendation that States should refrain from imposing operating restrictions on aircraft compliant with Chapter 4 and/or 14 or introducing measures that would lead to the phase-out of aircraft that are in compliance with existing noise standards.
The Assembly endorsed the Enhanced IOSA Program. This builds on the proven benefits of the program by adding elements of continuous compliance monitoring.
The Assembly also encouraged that ICAO continues its support for IOSA and the additional elements under E-IOSA as a complementary source of information for State Safety Oversight.
The IATA AOC Registry strategy was presented at the ICAO 38th Assembly, resulting in great support from the Technical Commission. Moreover, ICAO agreed that States should be encouraged to recognize the validity of AOCs and associated operation specifications issued by other States, which meet the requirements of the Chicago Convention, Annex 6 — Operation of Aircraft. The Registry will improve the capability of States to fulfill their surveillance responsibilities. It will also provide an efficient single source of data.
The ICAO Assembly endorsed the IATA Working Paper on mutual recognition of Flight Simulation Training Devices (FSTDs). FSTD operators face multiple audits by various Civil Aviation Authorities worldwide. The recognition of FSTD audits by the States where they are operated will result in saving the industry millions of dollars and increase the availability of training devices.
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