Thailand became the 127th state to ratify the Montreal Convention of 1999 (MC99) when the instrument of accession was deposited with the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) in August this year.


With MC99, passengers will benefit from fairer compensation and greater protection in the event of accidents, delays and baggage loss. At the same time, MC99 promotes faster and more efficient trade with the use of electronic air waybills for air freight.

IATA applauded this big step forward for Thailand’s aviation industry. “Implementing an international treaty is not an easy task. Aligning laws with the treaty’s provisions and passing them through parliament can take years. In the case of Thailand it was a seven year process. But law-makers persevered because they understood that MC99 is critical for Thailand’s aviation industry to reach its full potential. With Thailand set to rank among the world’s top ten aviation markets by 2032 that potential is significant. Already aviation supports 3.3 million jobs and $48 billion of economic activity in the Kingdom,” said Alexandre de Juniac, IATA’s Director General and CEO.

Within the Asia-Pacific region, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam still have yet to ratify MC99. IATA is urging these states to do so urgently.