(GENEVA) The International Air Transport Association (IATA) reported 4.7% year-on-year growth in international passenger traffic for September 2006. This is well below the 5.9% average for the year to date, continuing the downward trend in growth that began in May. The passenger load factor for September was 76.9%. Although lower than the mid-year seasonal peak, this is 0.2% higher than in September 2005. Year to date load factors are 1.0% higher than in 2005 at 76.5% for the period.
International freight traffic rose 4.9%, up from 4.7% in August but below the historic long-term average growth of 6.0%. For the year to date, freight demand has grown 5.2% over the same period in 2005.;"Slowing traffic growth is starting to weaken the strong revenue environment, but efficiency gains and careful capacity management continue. The recent fall in spot prices for oil has provided a boost, though prices for forward purchase remain close to US$70 per barrel. The net result for the industry is more profitable growth and we are confident that the industry will improve the bottom line to a loss of US$1.7 billion for this year," said IATA Director General and CEO, Giovanni Bisignani.
Middle East carriers showed the strongest growth with September passenger demand increasing by 13.1% and cargo demand by 13.9% over the same month in 2005. Both are below the year-to-date growth figures for the region's carriers: 15.4% for passenger and 16.8% for cargo. Continuing restructuring in Latin America resulted in an 8.6% contraction in September passenger traffic for the region's carriers compared to 2005.
September load factors remained strong reflecting a 4.4% increase in capacity compared to a 4.7% increase in demand. European carriers recorded a passenger load factor of 80.0% in September, the highest of all regions. Year-to-date, North American carriers show the strongest load factor at 80.9%.
"High load factors are among the most blatant examples of airline efficiency that is driving the industry towards a US$1.9 billion profit in 2007—the first since 2000. But the entire value chain must be on board. Unfortunately, too often governments are not keeping pace at the expense of the air transport industry and the environment. While airlines are doing everything possible to reduce their 2% share of greenhouse gasses globally, governments are perpetuating the 12% inefficiency in air traffic management by failing to take leadership in implementing a Single European Sky or simply straightening out air routes. This must change," said Bisignani.
- IATA (International Air Transport Association) represents over 260 airlines comprising 94% of international scheduled air traffic.
- The industry fuel bill in 2006 is estimated at US$ 115 billion accounting for 26% of operating costs. The increase in fuel costs 2005-2006 will be US$24 billion. Yet airlines will still improve their bottom line from a US$ 3.2 billion loss in 2005 to an estimated US$ 1.7 billion loss in 2006.
- Explanation of measurements:
- RPK: Revenue Passenger Kilometres measures actual passenger traffic
- ASK: Available Seat Kilometres measures available passenger capacity
- PLF: Passenger Load Factor is % of ASKs used. In comparison of 2006 to 2005, PLF indicates point differential between the periods compared.
- FTK: Freight Tonne Kilometres measures actual freight traffic
- ATK: Available Tonne Kilometres measures available total capacity (combined passenger and cargo)
- IATA statistics cover international scheduled air traffic; domestic traffic is not included.
- All figures are provisional and represent total reporting at time of publication plus estimates for missing data.