Geneva - The International Air Transport Association (IATA) announced global passenger traffic results for March 2015 showing demand (revenue passenger kilometers or RPKs) rose 7.4% compared to March 2014. This was an improvement on February, when year-over-year growth was 6.4%.
The acceleration in the year-on-year comparison reflects the residual impact of the February Lunar New Year celebrations, which tend to boost leisure travel in the weeks before and after the holiday. In 2014, the holiday occurred at the end of January. However, underlying traffic trends confirm demand remains robust. March capacity rose 5.6% and load factor climbed 1.3 percentage points to 80.0%. Domestic markets experienced stronger growth than international markets, but both performed well.
“March traffic continues the trend of healthy demand for travel. We may, however, see a softening of demand in the second quarter. There are signs that regional trade activity in Asia-Pacific may be slowing and Eurozone economic weakness continues to disappoint,” said Tony Tyler, IATA’s Director General and CEO.
|Mar 2015 vs. Mar 2014||RPK Growth||ASK Growth||PLF|
|YTD 2015 vs. YTD 2014||RPK Growth||ASK Growth||PLF|
International Passenger Markets
March international passenger traffic rose 7.0% compared to the year-ago period. Capacity climbed 5.4% and load factor increased 1.2 percentage points to 78.9%. All regions recorded year-over increases in demand except for Africa.
- Asia-Pacific airlines recorded an 11.1% increase in demand compared to March 2014, strongest among the regions. The timing of the Lunar New Year in mid-February contributed to the robust performance as holiday-related travel continued into early March. Capacity rose 7.1%, boosting load factor 2.9 percentage points to 78.5%. The underlying trend in air travel on Asia-Pacific carriers is likely to be weaker than performance suggests as regional trade activity appears to be slowing after strong gains in late 2014.
- European carriers’ international traffic climbed 5.4% in March compared to the year-ago period. Capacity rose 3.6% and load factor climbed 1.4 percentage points to 80.8%, highest among the regions. While the Eurozone is reporting very weak economic expansion, outside the Eurozone, nations like Turkey continue to record strong growth.
- North American airlines experienced just a 2.7% traffic rise in March over a year ago, reflecting the maturity of these travel markets. The US economy continues to lead developed economies in performance. Capacity rose 2.1%, edging up load factor 0.5 percentage points to 80.4%.
- Middle East carriers demand climbed 9.8% in March but capacity growth of 11.9% meant that load factor fell 1.5 percentage points to 77.1% compared to March 2014. Middle East economies are comparatively well-placed to withstand the drop in oil prices and measures of non-oil-related business activity continue to show improvement.
- Latin American airlines’ traffic rose 4.3% in March compared to March 2014. Regional trade volumes have been improving, but the Brazilian economy continues to tread water. Capacity rose 5.5% and load factor slipped 0.9 percentage points to 77.4%.
- African airlines endured another month of declining demand, as traffic dropped 1.1% in March compared to a year ago. The weakness reflects adverse economic developments in parts of the continent including Nigeria, Africa’s largest economy, which is suffering from the collapse in oil prices. Accompanying cuts in capacity of 3.2%, pushed load factor upwards 1.4 percentage points to 65.7%, still the lowest among the regions.
Domestic Passenger Markets
Domestic air travel rose 8.0% in March year-on-year, driven by growth in China and India. Capacity rose 6.0% and load factor was 82.0%, up 1.5% percentage points over March 2014.
|Mar 2015 vs. Mar 2014||RPK Growth||ASK Growth||PLF|
- China domestic air travel soared 22% in March compared to a year ago, showing the residual impact of the Lunar New Year celebrations. However, recent data show that GDP for the first quarter was 7.0%, which was slightly less than fourth quarter 2014 growth of 7.3%.
- India’s airlines saw traffic jump 17.9% in March, likely reflecting market stimulation by local carriers and a strengthening economy.
The Bottom Line: “The devastating earthquake in Nepal has gripped the world’s attention. It also has highlighted aviation’s vital role. Airlines help transport the responders who perform their heroic efforts in bringing food, medical supplies and equipment to those in need. All our thoughts and prayers go out to the victims of this disaster and to those who are working around the clock to deliver hope and aid,” said Tyler.
“Next month, Miami will be the focus of the global air transport industry, when the 71st IATA Annual General Meeting will take place, 7-9 June. The United States is the world’s largest market and among its most vibrant economies, in part owing to the enormous contribution made by aviation. In the US, aviation supports some 5.7 million jobs and nearly $562 billion in GDP. Our message is that aviation can play an even bigger role, but only if governments understand that aviation’s greatest contribution is in the value creation it enables, not in the taxes and fees that can be extracted from it,” said Tyler.
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Notes for Editors:
- IATA (International Air Transport Association) represents some 260 airlines comprising 84% of global air traffic.
- You can follow us at http://twitter.com/iata2press for news specially catered for the media.
- All figures are provisional and represent total reporting at time of publication plus estimates for missing data. Historic figures may be revised.
- Domestic RPKs account for about 37% of the total market. It is most important for North American airlines as it is about 67% of their operations. In Latin America, domestic travel accounts for 47% of operations, primarily owing to the large Brazilian market. For Asia-Pacific carriers, the large markets in India, China and Japan mean that domestic travel accounts for 44% of the region’s operations. It is less important for Europe and most of Africa where domestic travel represents just 11% and 14% of operations respectively. And it is negligible for Middle Eastern carriers for whom domestic travel represents just 5% of operations.
- Explanation of measurement terms:
- RPK: Revenue Passenger Kilometers measures actual passenger traffic
- ASK: Available Seat Kilometers measures available passenger capacity
- PLF: Passenger Load Factor is % of ASKs used.
- IATA statistics cover international and domestic scheduled air traffic for IATA member and non-member airlines.
- Total passenger traffic market shares by region of carriers in terms of RPK are: Asia-Pacific 33.0%, Europe 24.0%, North America 26.0%, Middle East 10.0%, Latin America 5.0%, and Africa 2.0%.