IATA is dedicated to implementing a data driven approach to the evaluation of aviation safety risks and the development of potential solutions to mitigate Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) accidents.
CFIT refers to accidents in which there was an in-flight collision with terrain, water, or obstacle, without indication of loss of control. The critical distinction in these types of accidents is the fact that the aircraft is under the control of the flight crew.
The IATA Accident Database shows that CFIT is not the most frequent of accident categories. However, these accidents account for a substantial number of fatalities.
Managing The Risks
IATA conducted a study on “Terrain Awareness Warning System Capability and Human Factors in CFIT Accidents” (pdf) to understand if there are commonalities with these accidents, to compile lessons learned, and to provide the industry with recommendations that can help mitigate CFIT accidents.
In 2019, IATA and Honeywell jointly produced guidance on Performance assessment of pilot response to Enhanced Ground Proximity Warning System (EGPWS) (pdf). This document highlights that for the system to work as designed, aircraft operators should keep the software and terrain/obstacle/runway database up to date. It also states several recommendations that may result in significantly reducing the risk of a CFIT accident.
Download the CFIT Accident Analysis Report (pdf) to get an evaluation of the risk factors from recent CFIT accidents and information designed to aid industry in the implementation of mitigation strategies.
This interactive PDF report is organized in a way to provide dynamic environment data from 47 CFIT accidents that occurred over the last 10 years, spanning from 2008 through 2017. This report contains embedded interactive Excel graphs and is written to support a user-friendly methodology to analyze and visualize CFIT accident data and to identify patterns, trends, comparisons between data selections.
For maximum functionality, please download and save a copy of the report, before opening with Adobe Acrobat. The embedded MsExcel graphs are available for users with Microsoft Office versions 2013, 2016 and Office 365. Please close any opened excel files after viewing in order to maintain optimum performance.
Users without Adobe Acrobat can request a MsWord copy with embedded Excel files from firstname.lastname@example.org.