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 Implementing the Yamoussoukro Decision will Transform Intra-African Air Connectivity. A report by independent economic consultants InterVISTAS outlines the benefits that would accrue if 12 African nations were to implement the 1999 Yamoussoukro Decision.

The Yamoussoukro Decision committed 44 signatory countries to deregulating air services and to opening regional air markets to transnational competition. The implementation of this agreement, however, has been slow, and the benefits have not been realized.

The additional services generated by intra- African liberalization between just 12 key markets will provide an extra 155,000 jobs and $1.3 billion in annual GDP. A potential five million passengers a year are being denied the chance to travel between these markets because of unnecessary restrictions on establishing air routes. 

Aviation already supports 6.9 million jobs and more than $80 billion in GDP across Africa. The InterVISTAS research demonstrates that liberalization will create opportunities for further significant employment growth and economic development.

Read more on the benefits of the Yamoussoukro Decision (pdf) and the Single African Air Transport Market (pdf).

The jobs and GDP impact for the 12 countries in the study are listed in the table below.​        

Nation Additional EmploymentAdditional gdp (usd millions)
Ethiopia 14,80059.8
Ghana 9,50046.8
​South Africa ​14,500​283.9
Uganda ​18,600 77.6

The study clearly highlights the crucial role air transport plays in driving economic and social development in Africa through enhanced connectivity. Governments should support the growth of the industry by fully liberalizing African skies as intended by the Yamoussoukro Decision.


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