Competency-Based Training and Assessment in Dangerous Goods Training?
Competency-based training and assessment is a training approach which was first introduced into the ICAO Procedures for Air Navigation Services (PANS) aviation training provisions in 2006. It was implemented initially in the area of multi-crew pilot license and has been expanded into other aviation functions since then.
- The objective of competency-based training and assessment (CBTA) is to use the necessary tools to clearly establish the training needs for a specific job function and then ensure that employees acquire the level of knowledge and demonstrate the right skills to perform that function.
At the 26th meeting of the ICAO Dangerous Goods Panel in October 2017 (DGP/26) the DGP training working group submitted a proposal for the changes to the training provisions to incorporate competency-based training be adopted into the 2019-2020 edition of the Technical Instructions with a 2-year transition period. This proposal was agreed by the DGP and provided to the ICAO Air Navigation Commission (ANC) for their endorsement.
However, while the ANC supported the changes proposed to implement competency-based training the ANC did not endorse adoption into the 2019-2020 edition of the Technical Instructions because of concerns on proposed changes to Annex 18 that impact on dangerous goods training.
Rather than considering this delay, a setback IATA sees this additional time as an opportunity to further discuss and engage with regulators, training providers, and industry to fine-tune a benchmarked implementation approach and seek further alignment between what CBTA for States employees and industry looks like.
This year Appendix H offers to the industry:
- H.1 - The revised training provisions as agreed by ICAO DGP/26. In summary, this text emphasizes the principles of training needing to be “commensurate with the responsibilities” of the job.
- H.2 - The IATA Training Working Group has put together a guidance material proposal complementary to ICAO’s.
Guidelines to Design and Develop DG Training
This guidelines framework offer a user-friendly explanation of the implementation step for designer and developer of DG training.
The basic framework is composed of a 7 steps to design and develop DG Training which explains in further details in the appendix:
- Define the training methodology;
- Design the training program;
- Design trainee (employee) assessment process;
- Develop the training program;;
- Trainer/instructor qualifications and competencies;
- Training and assessment records;
- Evaluation of the training program effectiveness.
Appendix H.2 is shared with industry with the objective of receiving further feedback to support the development of material for dangerous goods training implementation under CBTA. A downloadable version of Appendix H is accessible here
and a survey to provide feedback is available until February 15st 2019.