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Climate Change

Responsibly addressing climate change

In 2012, air transport produced 689 million tonnes of CO2, around 2% of global CO2 emissions. IATA recognizes the need to address the global challenge of climate change and adopted a set of ambitious targets to mitigate CO2 emissions from air transport:

  • An average improvement in fuel efficiency of 1.5% per year from 2009 to 2020
  • A cap on net aviation CO2 emissions from 2020 (carbon-neutral growth)
  • A reduction in net aviation CO2 emissions of 50% by 2050, relative to 2005 levels

IATA is determined to be part of the solution but insists that, in order to achieve these targets, a strong commitment is required from all stakeholders working together through the four pillars of the aviation industry strategy: 

  • Improved technology, including the deployment of sustainable low-carbon fuels
  • More efficient aircraft operations
  • Infrastructure improvements, including modernized air traffic management systems
  • Market-based measures, to fill the remaining emissions gap

ICAO Assembly decision on climate change

At its 38th session (24 September – 4 October 2013), the ICAO Assembly decided to develop a global market-based measure scheme for international aviation. It also requested the ICAO Council to finalize the work on the modalities for such a scheme for decision at the next Assembly. The Assembly’s decision is a decisive step towards the operationalization of aviation’s goal to cap net CO2 emissions from 2020 (CNG2020).

In the lead up to the Assembly, IATA and its industry partners had called on ICAO Member States to adopt a single, global market-based measure for aviation.  At the IATA 69th Annual General Meeting (AGM) in June 2013, member airlines had also overwhelmingly endorsed a resolution on “Implementation of the Aviation Carbon-Neutral Growth (CNG2020)”.


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