IATA recognizes the need to address the global challenge of climate change and adopted a set of ambitious targets to mitigate CO2 emissions from air transport:
- An average improvement in fuel efficiency of 1.5% per year from 2009 to 2020
- A cap on net aviation CO2 emissions from 2020 (carbon-neutral growth)
- A reduction in net aviation CO2 emissions of 50% by 2050, relative to 2005 levels
A multi-faceted approach: the four-pillar strategy
IATA is determined to be part of the solution but insists that, in order to achieve these targets, a strong commitment is required from all stakeholders working together through the four pillars of the aviation industry strategy:
- Improved technology, including the deployment of sustainable low-carbon fuels
- More efficient aircraft operations
- Infrastructure improvements, including modernized air traffic management systems
- A single global market-based measure, to fill the remaining emissions gap
A global market-based measure for aviation
Following a landmark resolution by IATA member airlines at the 2013 IATA AGM, ICAO Member States agreed at the 38th ICAO Assembly in September 2013 to develop a global market-based measure for international aviation, for adoption by the next ICAO Assembly in 2016.
A global carbon offsetting scheme is IATA’s stated preference because, compared with the other options, it is simple to implement, cost-effective, and ensures a level playing field.