Translations: La forte demande se maintient en juillet dans le secteur passagers (pdf)

 国际航协:7月旅客需求持续强劲 (pdf)

La fuerte demanda de pasajeros continúa en julio (pdf)

Geneva - The International Air Transport Association (IATA) announced that the post-COVID recovery momentum continued in July for passenger markets.

Total traffic in July 2023 (measured in revenue passenger kilometers or RPKs) rose 26.2% compared to July 2022. Globally, traffic is now at 95.6% of pre-COVID levels.

Domestic traffic for July rose 21.5% versus July 2022 and was 8.3% above the July 2019 results. July RPKs are the highest ever recorded, strongly supported by surging demand in the China domestic market.

International traffic climbed 29.6% compared to the same month a year ago with all markets showing robust growth. International RPKs reached 88.7% of July 2019 levels. The passenger load factor (PLF) for the industry reached 85.7% which is the highest monthly international PLF ever recorded.

“Planes were full during July as people continue to travel in ever greater numbers. Importantly, forward ticket sales indicate that traveler confidence remains high. And there is every reason to be optimistic about the continuing recovery,” said Willie Walsh, IATA’s Director General.

Air Passenger Market in Detail

JULY 2023 (%year-on-year) World Share *1 RPK ASK  PLF (%PT) *2 PLF (Level) *3
Total Market 100% 26.2% 23.7% 1.7% 85.2%
Africa 2.1% 25.0% 26.3% -0.8% 74.6%
Asia Pacific 22.1% 67.1% 53.4% 6.7% 81.6%
Europe 30.8% 11.7% 11.5% 0.2% 87.7%
Latin America 6.4% 15.5% 11.4% 3.1% 86.7%
Middle East 9.8% 21.9% 21.0% 0.6% 82.1%
North America 28.8% 13.2% 11.9% 1.0% 89.7%

(*1) % of industry RPKs in 2022  (*2) Change in load factor   (*3) Load factor level

International Passenger Markets

Asia-Pacific airlines saw a 105.8% increase in July 2023 traffic compared to July 2022, continuing to lead the regions. Capacity climbed 96.2% and the load factor increased by 3.9 percentage points to 84.5%.

European carriers’ July traffic rose 13.8% versus July 2022. Capacity increased 13.6%, and load factor edged up 0.1 percentage points to 87.0%.

Middle Eastern airlines posted a 22.6% increase in July traffic compared to a year ago. Capacity rose 22.1% and load factor climbed 0.3 percentage points to 82.6%.

North American carriers had a 17.7% traffic rise in July 2023 versus the 2022 period. Capacity increased 17.2%, and load factor improved 0.3 percentage points to 90.3%, which was the highest among the regions for a second consecutive month.

Latin American airlines’ traffic rose 25.3% compared to the same month in 2022. July capacity climbed 21.2% and load factor rose 2.9 percentage points to 89.1%.

African airlines saw a 25.6% traffic increase in July 2023 versus a year ago, the second highest percentage gain among the regions. July capacity was up 27.4% and load factor fell 1.0 percentage point to 73.9%, the lowest among the regions. For a second month in a row, Africa was the only region to see capacity growth outrun traffic demand.

Domestic Passenger Markets  

JULY 2023 (%year-on-year) World Share *1 RPK ASK  PLF (%PT) *2 PLF (Level) *3
Domestic 41.9% 21.5% 16.7% 3.3% 84.5%
Dom. Australia 1.0% 3.5% 8.5% -4.1% 83.2%
Dom. Brazil 1.5% 3.6% -0.1% 3.0% 83.4%
Dom. China P.R. 6.4% 71.9% 49.1% 10.5% 79.2%
Dom. India 2.0% 21.1% 13.3% 5.3% 83.3%
Dom. Japan 1.2% 13.4% 1.3% 7.8% 72.7%
Dom. USA 19.2% 11.1% 9.5% 1.3% 89.2%

(*1) % of industry RPKs in 2022  (*2) Change in load factor   (*3) Load factor level

China’s domestic traffic jumped 71.9% in July compared to a year ago and is now 22.5% above July 2019 levels, which was the strongest gain against pre-pandemic levels among the domestic markets.

US airlines’ domestic demand climbed 11.1% in July and was 3.0% above the July 2019 level.

Air Passenger Market Overview 

JuLY 2023 (% CH vs same month in 2019) World Share1 RPK ASK PLF (%-PT)2 PLF (LEVEL)​3
Total Market 100.0% -4.4% -3.9% -0.4% 85.2%
International 58.1% -11.3% -11.7% 0.4% 85.7%
Domestic 41.9% 8.3% 10.4% -1.7% 84.5%

1) % of industry RPKs in 2022    2) year-on-year change in load factor    3) Load Factor Level 

The Bottom Line

“The Northern Hemisphere summer is living up to expectations for very strong traffic demand. While the industry was largely prepared to accommodate a return to pre-pandemic levels of operations, unfortunately, the same cannot be said for our infrastructure providers. Performance of some of the key air navigations services providers, for example, has been deeply disappointing for many reasons from insufficient staffing to the failure fiasco of NATS in the UK. These must be promptly corrected. Even more worrying, however, are political decisions by some governments—among them Mexico and the Netherlands—to impose capacity cuts at their major hubs that will most certainly destroy jobs and damage local and national economies. The numbers continue to tell us that people want and need air connectivity. That’s why governments should be working with us so that people can travel safely, sustainably and efficiently,” said Walsh.


> Read the latest Passenger Market Analysis (pdf)

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Notes for Editors:

  • Statistics compiled by IATA Economics using direct airline reporting complemented by estimates, including the use of FlightRadar24 data provided under license.
  • All figures are provisional and represent total reporting at time of publication plus estimates for missing data. Historic figures are subject to revision.
  • Domestic RPKs accounted for about 42.1% of the total market in 2022. The six domestic markets in this report account for 31.4% of global RPKs.
  • Explanation of measurement terms:
    - RPK: Revenue Passenger Kilometers measures actual passenger traffic
    - ASK: Available Seat Kilometers measures available passenger capacity
    - PLF: Passenger Load Factor is % of ASKs used.
  • IATA statistics cover international and domestic scheduled air traffic for IATA member and non-member airlines.
  • Total passenger traffic market shares by region of carriers for 2022 in terms of RPK are: Asia-Pacific 22.1%, Europe 30.8%, North America 28.8%, Middle East 9.8%, Latin America 6.4%, and Africa 2.1%.