In order to prepare for the 2022 changes, airlines, ground service providers, freight forwarders, shippers, airports, manufacturers amongst others need to learn the current and upcoming regulations for air cargo operations. The essential source of these changes are the IATA regulations manuals.
The IATA Manuals are published annually to stay up-to-date with the latest state and carrier regulations, industry trends as well as best practices. As a result, in order to comply with the new regulations that come into effect January 1, 2022 and to sustain the safe and efficient transport of air cargo, you should ensure to use the latest edition as the IATA Manuals are updated annually. You can learn more about the IATA Manuals here.
How are air cargo and ground handling operations regulations updated?
The process of annually updated the IATA Manuals is completed through an extensive exercise by various working groups such as the Dangerous Goods Board (DGB) and the Live Animals and Perishables Board (LAPB). Each working group is comprised of IATA experts as well as other experts in that field who work with local governments and industry stakeholders to ensure that each IATA Manual contains the most updated information on the latest regulations, trends and best practices.
Why are IATA regulation manuals updated annually?
How many air cargo rules and regulation changes are there annually?
Every year, more than 350 changes are made to the IATA Manuals. The complete list of significant changes for each manual are detailed below along with videos from the IATA experts who highlight the most pertinent changes.
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What has changed in the Dangerous Goods Regulations this year?
The latest edition of the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR) is the 63rd edition, and the 2022 changes include:
- The List (2.8.1) and List of State Variations (2.8.2) have been revised to include territories that are subject to the jurisdiction of a State where that State has advised of variations to the provisions of the DGR
- PI 965 and PI 968 have been revised to remove Section II from these two packing instructions.
This revision was made to provide shippers with time to adapt their logistics processes to ship lithium cells and batteries in accordance with Section IB of Packing Instruction 965 and Packing Instruction 968, as applicable, there is a 3-month transition period until 31 March 2022, during which time shippers may continue to use Section II.
Consequential amendments have been made to 1.6.1, Special Provision A334, 18.104.22.168.1, Table 9.1.A and Table 9.5.A to reflect the deletion of Section II of Packing Instruction 965 and Packing Instruction 968.
PI 966 and PI 969—Have been revised to clarify the packing options for Section I, which are:
- the lithium cells or batteries are packed in a UN specification packaging, then placed with the equipment in a strong rigid outer packaging; or
- the cells or batteries are packed with the equipment in a UN specification packaging.
The packing options in Section II have been deleted, as there is only one option available given that there is no requirement for UN specification packagings.
To download the complete list of significant changes, please visit the IATA DGR webpage.
You can also learn more about the transport of dangerous goods via air by reading this article.
What has changed in the Lithium Battery Shipping Regulations this year?
The latest edition of the Lithium Battery Shipping Regulations (LBSR) is the 9th edition, and the 2022 changes include:
- The List (22.214.171.124) and List of State Variations (2.3.2) have been revised to include territories that are subject to the jurisdiction of a State where that State has advised of variations to the provisions of these Regulations
- Packing Instructions PI 965 and PI 968 have been revised to remove Section II from these two packing instructions. To provide shippers with time to adapt their logistics processes to ship lithium cells and batteries in accordance with Section IB of Packing Instruction 965 and Packing Instruction 968, as applicable, there is a 3-month transition period until 31 March 2022, during which time shippers may continue to use Section II
- Packing Instructions PI 966 and PI 969 have been revised to clarify the packing options for Section 1, which are:
- The lithium cells or batteries are packed in a UN specification packaging, then placed with the equipment in a strong rigid outer packaging: or
- The cells or batteries are packed with the equipment in a UN specification packaging
You can also learn more about the transport of lithium batteries via air by reading this article.
What has changed in the 2021/2022 Infectious Substances Shipping Guidelines?
The latest edition of Infectious Substances Shipping Guidelines (ISSG) is the 16th edition, and the 2021/2022 changes include:
- Addition of a new entry and conditions for solid medical waste containing Category A pathogens
- Update to identify that the mark in the diamond applied to packages containing biological substances, Category B (UN 3373) and genetically modified organisms and microorganisms (GMO, and GMMO) (UN 3245) must be applied on one side of the package
- A change to renumber the packing instruction applicable to medical waste from PI 622 to become PI 621 to align to the number in the UN Model Regulations and to provide for a consistent PI for the new Category A waste. There is a 3-month transition provided during which time the old PI number may be used
What has changed in the Live Animals Regulations this year?
The latest edition of the Live Animals Regulations (LAR) is the 48th edition, and the 2022 changes include:
- A complete rewrite of Container Requirement 1 was undertaken to provide a clear standard for the minimum requirements for air shipment of domestic dogs and cats and alignment with section 8.3 General Requirements
- An “In-Cabin Live Animal Checklist” has been developed by the LAPB to assist supply chain stakeholders with the acceptance of live animals in the cabin (Section 7.6.2)
- Two new container requirements have been incorporated into the IATA LAR, notably CR68 which is specific to beneficial mites, beneficial insects and beneficial nematodes (and immature stages of the latter), as well as CR73A which is specific to giraffes
- The entire listing of species (under both 6.2.1 and 6.2.2) has been revised to ensure appropriate classification
To download the complete list of significant changes, please visit the IATA LAR webpage.
The latest edition of the Airport Handling Manual (AHM) is the 42nd edition, and the 2022 changes include:
- New AHM 121: Handling Inadmissible Deportee with new guidance providing details on INAD, reason for refusal, State responsibilities, notifications, necessary documental and other travel arrangements
- AHM 610: Guidelines for a Safety Management System with updates made to the Emergency Response Plan guidance as per AHM 620
- AHM 615: Quality Management System with updates in the guidance to align with ISO standards and IATA best practices
- New AHM 620: Emergency and Crisis Management at the Airport contains new guidance providing GSPs and airlines with a basic understanding necessary to establish an ERP at the airport including the practical tools needed and standardized checklists on how to structure, manage and execute the ERP as well as aligned with the IATA Emergency Response Handbook
- New AHM 732: Delay Codes contains a new enhanced delay coding system that provides more flexibility in determination of delays by using a simple 3 step process that identifies: process involved, reason and stakeholder
- New AHM 850: Standard Inflight Catering Agreement (SICA). After a decade of the SICA returns to the AHM. The main agreement and annex B underwent a complete revamp with great cooperation between our members and the Airline Caterer Association (ACA). Updates include Flight Schedule and Changes, Carrier Nominated Products, IGOM as the minimum safety requirements for the ramp, intellectual property, standards of work, invoices, liability
- AHM 903: Grouped list into 4 GSE categories and new GSE types added
- AHM 1110: Ground Operations Training Program introduces the Recurrent Assessment as an alternative to the traditional recurrent training. It provides flexibility to companies to assess personnel competency in the operational environment, target any issue by right corrective actions as well as reduce the time of training. The passenger handling syllabi underwent complete review and enhancement
You can also learn more about the top ways to safely improve the efficiency of aircraft turnaround with standardized procedures by reading this article.
The latest edition of the IATA Ground Operations Manual (IGOM) is the 11th edition, and the 2022 changes include:
- Enhancement of procedure in regard to Documents required to travel to include travel documents, visas and health documents (Chapter 1)
- Handling of Passenger with Disability (change of terminology from PRM to PWD in line with UN Convention of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) and the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Annex 9) (Chapter 1)
- Correction of table under Identification/Labelling of ULD (Chapter 4)
- Chapter 6 entirely updated: previously addressed Airside Safety Operational oversight and, now, revised to focus on entire operational oversight to maintain a systemic standard on oversight at all operational areas with a main focus on supervisory level staff
What has changed in the ULD Regulations this year?
The 10th edition of the ULD Regulations (ULDR) is effective as of 1 January 2022, which includes the following significant changes:
- Clarification of the general purpose of ULD characteristics contained in SS 40/1
- Addition of aircraft pallet Base Size T and U in SS 40/1 to align with SAE AS36100
- Addition of Operational Damage Limits Notice (ODLN) for Fire Resistant Container
- Deletion of SS 50/3 as well as all the content relating to igloo and non-structural container throughout the manual
- Amendment to the definition of Aircraft Container to align with the definition of Aircraft ULD
- Addition of illustration of components of aircraft pallet net and restraint strap listed on Operational Damage Limits Notice (ODLN)
- Addition of Appendix I (NEW) listing the typical operating limitations applicable to ULD
You can also learn more about ULDs by reading this article.
What has changed in the IATA Cargo Handling Manual this year?
The latest edition of the IATA Cargo Handling Manual (ICHM) is the 6th edition and the 2022 changes include:
- Development of the cargo Operational Risk Assessment (ORA) that is based on the Master Operating Plan (MOP)
The ORA will identify the main risks associated with each of the 19 steps of the journey of a piece of cargo, from the shipper to the consignee. It will also provide a high-level risk mitigation plan with the goal of helping shippers, freight forwarders, cargo handlers and airlines to ensure a seamless and efficient air cargo operation.
- Enhancement and clarification of the acceptance process for airmail
This update will show additional information to be checked when accepting mail and will provide more information regarding data to be checked on electronic documentation against physical airmail. This will ensure compliance with Regulations, embargoes and specific acceptance checks for Extra Territorial Offices of Exchange (ETOE).
What has changed in the Compassionate Transportation Manual this year?
The latest edition of the Compassionate Transportation Manual (CTM) is the 2nd edition, and the 2022 changes include:
- Updated State & Airline requirements
- Funeral Home Association input and suggestions, including a checklist for human remains transportation shipments
- Increased detail regarding container types and packaging requirements
- More information regarding the transportation of infectious remains
The latest edition of the Cargo-XML Toolkit is the 10th edition, and the 2022 changes include:
- XML Status (XFSU) message is enhanced to allow usage of new Cargo iQ Warehouse-ramp handover events: freight out of warehouse custody (FOW) and freight into warehouse custody (FIW). A new version XFSU 4.00 is produced. Editorial changes are also included.
- XML Booking (XFFR) message is enhanced to allow usage of Cargo iQ Service Parameters approach for time-specific products. A new version XFFR 3.10 is produced. Editorial changes are also included.
- XML Transport Movement (XTMV) message is updated to accommodate for multi-modal transportation and allow for multiple seal numbers to be captured. A new version XTMV 2.00 is produced. Editorial changes are also included.
- XML Freight Booked List (XFBL) message is updated to add the total number of pieces in case of part shipment. A new version XFBL 2.10 is produced.
- Code List 1.60 referring to CCS System Identifiers is updated
- Code List 1.92 of Movement Indicators is updated to differentiate arrival and departure types (Touchdown/On-block and Take off/Off-block)
- Code List 1.8 referring to Discrepancy codes is updated with the EHCP code for Cargo iQ Exception Handling Codes Procedure
- Cargo-XML messages character set recommendation is updated to include all ASCII 7-bit characters
What has changed in the Preloading Advance Cargo Information this year?
The latest edition of the Preloading Advance Cargo Information (PLACI) is the 3rd edition, and the 2022 changes include:
- Guidance paper to address the self-filing issue faced by airlines when reporting shipment data to customs authorities, as per their pre-arrival and pre-loading Advance Cargo Information regulations
Since customs authorities allow filing of House Waybill data by freight forwarders, it is pivotal that airlines and freight forwarders have common understanding and a standard protocol. This paper provides some recommendations to address this matter, outlining which elements should be taken into consideration by airlines and their supply chain partners, to add visibility to the self-filing process, enhance process and cost efficiency, and reduce the risk of related issues with customs.
- A synopsis of the United Kingdom Home Office new Pre-Load Data Informed Cargo Targeting (PreDICT) Programme
Under the PreDICT program, advance data of UK destined shipments is transmitted to UK Border Force targeting system for evaluating air shipments for threats to aviation security prior to loading at the last port of departure to the United Kingdom. PreDICT messaging will align closely with those standards developed for use in the European Union’s Import Control System 2 (ICS2).